Bearded Dragon Illness/Disease & Treatment
Basic information about Bearded Dragon injuries
Bleeding wounds or injuries can be taken care of by using pressure to stop bleeding. The wounds can be cleaned with water and an antiseptic to prevent any bacterial or toxin infections. Make sure to keep the wound clean.
You can also use a triple antibiotic ointment to help aid the healing process. If wounds don’t show signs of healing, don’t stop bleeding, or are infected, it is time to get your dragon to a veterinarian for diagnoses and treatment.
Bearded Dragon Abscesses
Abscesses are small wounds that go untreated and become infected. These are serious, because they harbour bacteria and toxins. If these go untreated, they will rupture and lead to septicaemia (Mazorlig, Bearded Dragons, 1998). These kinds of injuries need immediate veterinarian help.
Bearded Dragon Burns
Burns will occur if your dragon gets to close to its basking lamp or you have a malfunction with one of your heating devices.
Make sure that your dragon cannot touch their basking lamp. If able to they will press their body against the light and not know that they are being burned.
Also, check your heating equipment every now and then to make sure that it is properly working.
Burns, depending on severity, will require a veterinarian visit. Dehydration and shock go along with burns, as well.
Bearded dragon metabolic bone disease
Metabolic bone disease in Bearded Dragons is where you Bearded Dragon is having deficiency of Calcium and vitamin D3. These deficiency can cause softening and deformity of bones also fractures of limbs. In serious cases Bearded Dragon have been in complete immobility.
Treatment can be giving supplement calcium powder coated live food or giving Vitamin D.
This is a fat-soluble vitamin that is naturally present in very few foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement. It is also produced endogenously when ultraviolet rays from sunlight strike the skin and trigger vitamin D synthesis. Vitamin D is essential for promoting calcium absorption in the gut and maintaining adequate serum calcium and phosphate concentrations to enable normal mineralization of bone and prevent hypocalcemic tetany. Without vitamin D3 your Bearded Dragon bones become thin, brittle, or misshapen.
To prevent Bearded Dragon metabolic bones disease you will need to apply proper diet and care your dragon shouldn’t develop this problem. Though, even with the best care things can still go wrong. If you do happen to come by this illness, it is reversible.
Bearded Dragon Mites
Bearded Dragons are not susceptible but can happen. These mites are relatives to ticks and are 1mm in size. Most looking like black dots moving on your Bearded Dragon. You most likely spot mites when they have drowned in your Bearded Dragon water bowl.
You can use an invermectin spray is the most widely prescribed product but can be done by diluting 5-10 mg of invermectin with a quart of water and apply directly to your dragon. You can use a cotton swab to apply around mouth, eyes, and nostrils. Invermectin is usually only available by prescription from a vet. There are some that will inject it right into your reptile but I recommend it not to be injected or advised to.
You will also need to clean the enclosure to complete eliminate your Bearded Dragon mites. To do so
You can use the same invermectin spray for this as well. You will want to soak all cage furnishings for about a half hour, and discard the substrate. You can also use a 10% bleach and water solution for cleaning the cage and cage fixtures.
To learn more about Bearded Dragon Mites you can read Melissa Kaplan article. Here is link to visit her on-line article:
Bearded Dragon Impaction
Bearded Dragon owners worst nightmare is impaction which can causes lots of dame in the digestion tract. In extreme case that are often your Bearded Dragon will die if not having emergency operation to remove the non-digestible material. This is like human constipation but doesn’t go.
Many Bearded Dragon keepers have these problem accrue when their Bearded Dragon starts to eat the substrate. The subtrate then cause a blocked digestion tract. It can also accrue when food has been fed but to large. Also live food that have a hard chitinous shells . Others also aqquire that it can be cause by basking temperatures which makes it harder for your Bearded Dragon to digest the food it’s been given.
Some Bearded Dragon owners only have their bearded dragons on slate titles which are to large to consume as well also grinds down their nails. When using substrate please do remove it if your Bearded Dragon continues to eat the substrate. I use chipsi mais corncob.
Chipsi Mais Corncob
Chipsi Mais granules are made from corn cob, a natural product that is much heavier than normal soft wood shavings. This means that the corn granules do not stick to your pets fur or feathers, and are not spread outside the hutch or cage. These natural granules are highly absorbent for liquids and odours, creating a pleasant environment for you and your pet.
Bearded Dragon Coccidia
Bearded Dragon Coccidia is an digestion tract parasite which captivity Bearded Dragons carry. Your Bearded Dragon most likely has small amounts of this parasite but your Bearded Dragon immune system is able to keep it under control. But in large numbers it will greatly affect your Bearded Dragon.
Your Bearded Dragon will pass out these parasite normally but when it gets swallowed again this small number of parasites soon multiplies into large numbers. These parasites most get re-swallowed from their water and food dishes.
The signs of your Bearded Dragon having coccidia are your bearded dragon being stressed. When your Bearded Dragon becomes stressed it lowers the immune system causing an outbreak in coccidia. You must remember this when you move your Bearded Dragons from one places to another place. Like when moving house or bringing your new bearded dragons from the previous owner to your vivarium. Please do remember this when collecting your baby bearded dragons.
If your Bearded Dragon does get an coccidia outbreak you must take your dragon to a vet. Your veterinarian will prescribe a sulpha drug, such as Albon. They will let you know how much to give and how to administer it. At this time it is also important to keep your dragon’s cage as clean as possible. You will need to be anal about cleaning it. At this time it would be better to use newspaper as substrate, and change it out once or twice a day.
Bearded Dragon Tail Rot
Bearded Dragon tail rot is a health problem from time to time but if caught early it can be treated but more time it’s left untreated the more painful also serious it becomes. The symptoms are lethargic , refusing to eat and darkening of tail other time. But darking of tail sometimes means your bearded dragon is close to shedding.
The causes of tail rot are nipped tails or tail trauma that usually caused by falling object that crushes your bearded dragon’s tail. The second causes of bearded dragon tail rot is shedding skin not being removed of the tail. This unshedded skin then build up over time and tightens stopping the blood flow from that point onwards. This can also happen on the other limbs.
Tail rot can be prevented by making sure that any of the objects within their vivarium isn’t able to fall or pinch your bearded dragon’s tail. As well when your bearded dragon is shedding you can give them a bath in pain luke warm water which helps your bearded dragon shedding skin lifts. You can also had Hydrogen peroxide which helps softens the skin also Hydrogen peroxide can treat infection.
Sometime when your bearded dragon skin isn’t shedding well you can gently pell it away by hand. I mostly do this to the legs , feet , toes , tail and facial area.